Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12779/7317
Title: ACE2 gene variants may underlie interindividual variability and susceptibility to COVID-19 in the Italian population
Authors: Benetti, E.
Tita, R.
Spiga, Ottavia 
Ciolfi, A.
Birolo, G.
Bruselles, A.
Doddato, G.
Giliberti, A.
Marconi, C.
Musacchia, F.
Pippucci, T.
Capasso, M.
Russo, R.
Andolfo, I.
Iolascon, A.
Carella, M.
Castori, M.
Merla, G.
Aucella, F.
Raggi, P.
Marciano, C.
Torella, A.
Perna, R.
Bassetti, M.
Di Biagio, A.
Sanguinetti, M.
Masucci, L.
Gabbi, C.
Valente, S.
Guerrini, S.
Meloni, I.
Mencarelli, M. A.
Trezza, Alfonso 
Rizzo, C. L.
Bargagli, E.
Mandalà, M.
Giorli, A.
Salerni, L.
Fiorentino, G.
Zucchi, P.
Parravicini, P.
Menatti, E.
Baratti, S.
Valentino, F.
Trotta, T.
Giannattasio, F.
Coiro, G.
Lena, F.
Coviello, D. A.
Mussini, C.
Renieri, A.
Pinto, A. M.
GEN-COVID Multicenter, Study
Baldassarri, M.
Brusco, A.
Asselta, R.
Bruttini, M.
Furini, S.
Seri, M.
Nigro, V.
Matullo, G.
Tartaglia, M.
Mari, F.
Frullanti, E.
Fallerini, C.
Daga, S.
Croci, S.
Amitrano, S.
Fava, F.
Montagnani, F.
Di Sarno, L.
Tommasi, A.
Palmieri, M.
Emiliozzi, A.
Fabbiani, M.
Rossetti, B.
Zanelli, G.
Bergantini, L.
D’Alessandro, M.
Cameli, P.
Bennet, D.
Anedda, F.
Marcantonio, S.
Scolletta, S.
Franchi, F.
Mazzei, M. A.
Conticini, Elena
Cantarini, L.
Frediani, B.
Tacconi, D.
Feri, M.
Scala, R.
Spargi, G.
Corridi, M.
Nencioni, C.
Caldarelli, G. P.
Spagnesi, M.
Piacentini, P.
Bandini, M.
Desanctis, E.
Canaccini, A.
Spertilli, C.
Donati, Alessandro 
Guidelli, L.
Croci, L.
Verzuri, A.
Anemoli, V.
Ognibene, A.
Vaghi, M.
D’Arminio Monforte, A.
Merlini, E.
Mondelli, M. U.
Mantovani, S.
Ludovisi, S.
Girardis, M.
Venturelli, S.
Sita, M.
Cossarizza, A.
Antinori, A.
Vergori, A.
Rusconi, S.
Siano, M.
Gabrieli, A.
Riva, A.
Francisci, D.
Schiaroli, E.
Scotton, P. G.
Andretta, F.
Panese, S.
Scaggiante, R.
Parisi, S. G.
Castelli, F.
Quiros-Roldan, M. E.
Magro, P.
Minardi, C.
Castelli, D.
Polesini, I.
Della Monica, M.
Piscopo, C.
Issue Date: 2020
Project: None 
Journal: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS
Abstract: 
In December 2019, an initial cluster of interstitial bilateral pneumonia emerged in Wuhan, China. A human-to-human transmission was assumed and a previously unrecognized entity, termed coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) due to a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) was described. The infection has rapidly spread out all over the world and Italy has been the first European country experiencing the endemic wave with unexpected clinical severity in comparison with Asian countries. It has been shown that SARS-CoV-2 utilizes angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as host receptor and host proteases for cell surface binding and internalization. Thus, a predisposing genetic background can give reason for interindividual disease susceptibility and/or severity. Taking advantage of the Network of Italian Genomes (NIG), here we mined whole-exome sequencing data of 6930 Italian control individuals from five different centers looking for ACE2 variants. A number of variants with a potential impact on protein stability were identified. Among these, three more common missense changes, p.(Asn720Asp), p.(Lys26Arg), and p.(Gly211Arg) were predicted to interfere with protein structure and stabilization. Rare variants likely interfering with the internalization process, namely p.(Leu351Val) and p.(Pro389His), predicted to interfere with SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binding, were also observed. Comparison of ACE2 WES data between a cohort of 131 patients and 258 controls allowed identifying a statistically significant (P value < 0.029) higher allelic variability in controls compared with patients. These findings suggest that a predisposing genetic background may contribute to the observed interindividual clinical variability associated with COVID-19, allowing an evidence-based risk assessment leading to personalized preventive measures and therapeutic options. © 2020, European Society of Human Genetics.
Description: 
217057
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12779/7317
ISSN: 1018-4813
DOI: 10.1038/s41431-020-0691-z
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