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Title: Vasorelaxing Activity of R-(-)-3'-Hydroxy-2,4,5-trimethoxydalbergiquinol from Dalbergia tonkinensis: Involvement of Smooth Muscle CaV1.2 Channels
Authors: Cuong, Nguyen Manh
Son, Ninh The
Nhan, Ngu Truong
Khanh, Pham Ngoc
Huong, Tran Thu
Tram, Nguyen Thi Thu
Sgaragli, Giampietro
Ahmed, Amer
Trezza, Alfonso 
Spiga, Ottavia 
Fusi, Fabio 
Keywords: 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-, Methyl ester; Animals; Aorta, Thoracic; Endothelium, Vascular; Rats; Vasodilator Agents; Vietnam; Dalbergia; Vasodilation
Issue Date: 2020
Project: None 
Dalbergia species heartwood, widely used in traditional medicine to treat various cardiovascular diseases, might represent a rich source of vasoactive agents. In Vietnam, Dalbergia tonkinensis is an endemic tree. Therefore, the aim of the present work was to investigate the vascular activity of R-(-)-3'-hydroxy-2,4,5-trimethoxydalbergiquinol isolated from the heartwood of D. tonkinensis and to provide circular dichroism features of its R absolute configuration. The vascular effects of R-(-)-3'-hydroxy-2,4,5-trimethoxydalbergiquinol were assessed on the in vitro mechanical activity of rat aorta rings, under isometric conditions, and on whole-cell Ba2+ currents through CaV1.2 channels (IBa1.2) recorded in single, rat tail main artery myocytes by means of the patch-clamp technique. R-(-)-3'-Hydroxy-2,4,5-trimethoxydalbergiquinol showed concentration-dependent, vasorelaxant activity on both endothelium-deprived and endothelium intact rings precontracted with the α1 receptor agonist phenylephrine. Neither the NO (nitric oxide) synthase inhibitor Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester nor the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin affected its spasmolytic activity. R-(-)-3'-Hydroxy-2,4,5-trimethoxydalbergiquinol-induced vasorelaxation was antagonized by (S)-(-)-Bay K 8644 and unaffected by tetraethylammonium plus glibenclamide. In patch-clamp experiments, R-(-)-3'-hydroxy-2,4,5-trimethoxydalbergiquinol inhibited IBa1.2 in a concentration-dependent manner and significantly decreased the time constant of current inactivation. R-(-)-3'-Hydroxy-2,4,5-trimethoxydalbergiquinol likely stabilized the channel in its closed state, as suggested by molecular modelling and docking simulation to the CaV1.2 channel α1c subunit. In conclusion, D. tonkinensis species may represent a source of agents potentially useful for the development of novel antihypertensive drugs.
ISSN: 0032-0943
DOI: 10.1055/a-1099-2929
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