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Title: Functional, electrophysiological and molecular docking analysis of the modulation of Cav 1.2 channels in rat vascular myocytes by murrayafoline A
Authors: Saponara, Simona
Durante, Miriam
Spiga, Ottavia 
Mugnai, Paolo
Huong, T. T
Khanh, P. N
Son, N. T
Cuong, N. M
Fusi, Fabio 
Keywords: Cav1.2 channel, murrayafoline A, patch-clamp, vascular smooth muscle, docking
Issue Date: 2016
Project: None 
The carbazole alkaloid murrayafoline A (MuA) enhances contractility and the Ca(2+) currents carried by the Cav 1.2 channels [ICa1.2 ] of rat cardiomyocytes. As only few drugs stimulate ICa1.2 , this study was designed to analyse the effects of MuA on vascular Cav 1.2 channels. Vascular activity was assessed on rat aorta rings mounted in organ baths. Cav 1.2 Ba(2+) current [IBa1.2 ] was recorded in single rat aorta and tail artery myocytes by the patch-clamp technique. Docking at a 3D model of the rat, α1c central pore subunit of the Cav 1.2 channel was simulated in silico. In rat aorta rings MuA, at concentrations ≤14.2 μM, increased 30 mM K(+) -induced tone and shifted the concentration-response curve to K(+) to the left. Conversely, at concentrations >14.2 μM, it relaxed high K(+) depolarized rings and antagonized Bay K 8644-induced contraction. In single myocytes, MuA stimulated IBa1.2 in a concentration-dependent, bell-shaped manner; stimulation was stable, incompletely reversible upon drug washout and accompanied by a leftward shift of the voltage-dependent activation curve. MuA docked at the α1C subunit central pore differently from nifedipine and Bay K 8644, although apparently interacting with the same amino acids of the pocket. Neither Bay K 8644-induced stimulation nor nifedipine-induced block of IBa1.2 was modified by MuA. Murrayafoline A is a naturally occurring vasoactive agent able to modulate Cav 1.2 channels and dock at the α1C subunit central pore in a manner that differed from that of dihydropyridines.
ISSN: 0007-1188
DOI: 10.1111/bph.13369
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