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Title: The vasodilator papaverine stimulates L-type Ca(2+) current in rat tail artery myocytes via a PKA-dependent mechanism
Authors: Fusi, Fabio 
Manetti, Fabrizio 
Durante, Miriam
Sgaragli, Giampietro
Saponara, Simona
Keywords: (S)-(−)-Bay K 8644 (PubChem CID: 6,603,728); H89 (PubChem CID: 449,241); IBMX (PubChem CID: 3758); L-type Ca(2+) channel; Nifedipine (PubChem CID: 4485); PKA; Papaverine; Papaverine (PubChem CID: 4680); Patch-clamp; Rp-8-Br-cGMPS (PubChem CID: 16,760,330); Vascular smooth muscle
Issue Date: 2016
Project: None 
Papaverine is an opium alkaloid, primarily used as an antispasmodic drug and as a cerebral and coronary vasodilator. Its phosphodiesterase inhibitory activity promotes increase of cAMP levels mainly in the cytosol. As cAMP is known to modulate L-type Ca(2+) channel activity, here we tested the proposition that papaverine could affect vascular channel function. An in-depth analysis of the effect of papaverine on Ba(2+) or Ca(2+) current through L-type Ca(2+) channel [IBa(L) or ICa(L)], performed in rat tail artery myocytes using either the whole-cell or the perforated patch-clamp method, was accompanied by a functional study on rat aorta rings. Papaverine increased current amplitude under both the perforated or whole-cell configuration. Stimulation of the current by papaverine was concentration-, Vh-, frequency-, and charge carrier-dependent, and fully reverted by drug washout. The PKA inhibitor H89, but not the PKG inhibitor Rp-8-Br-cGMPS, antagonised papaverine- as well as IBMX- (another phosphodiesterase inhibitor) induced IBa(L) stimulation. In cells pre-treated with IBMX, application of papaverine failed to increase current amplitude. Papaverine sped up the inactivation kinetics of IBa(L), though only at concentrations ≥30μM, and shifted the voltage dependence of the inactivation curve to more negative potentials. In rings, the vasorelaxing activity of papaverine was enhanced by previous treatment with nifedipine. In conclusion, papaverine stimulates vascular L-type Ca(2+) channel via a PKA-dependent mechanism, thus antagonising its main vasodilating activity.
ISSN: 1537-1891
DOI: 10.1016/j.vph.2015.11.041
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