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Title: Micro-method for the determination of glutathione in human blood
Authors: Giustarini, Daniela 
Fanti, Paolo
Matteucci, Elena
Rossi, Ranieri 
Keywords: Blood; DTNB; Fingerstick; Glutathione; Oxidative stress; Adult; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Colorimetry; Dithionitrobenzoic Acid; Female; Glutathione; Humans; Indicators and Reagents; Limit of Detection; Male; Oxidation-Reduction; Oxidative Stress; Sample Size; Spectrophotometry; Biochemistry; Analytical Chemistry; Cell Biology; Clinical Biochemistry; Medicine (all)
Issue Date: 2014
Project: None 
A new procedure is described for the visible-range spectrophotometric analysis of glutathione (GSH) in microvolumes of blood (as low as 0.5 mu L) collected by fingerstick. Samples are diluted 1 to 300 (v/v) in a stabilizing solution, followed by determination of haemoglobin concentration and by acid deproteination. GSH is then measured in the clear supernatant by colorimetry using DTNB, i.e., 5,5'-dithio-bis(2-nitrobenzoic acid), in aqueous solution at pH 7.8. The DTNB reagent is prepared and kept at pH 6.2 until just prior its addition, thus avoiding spontaneous decomposition of the reagent. The assay is rapid, easy to adapt to large-scale studies and it avoids artefactual oxidation of GSH, a common methodological shortcoming. The method is precise with 1.7 to 3.4% intra-day relative standard deviation (RSD) and 2.2 to 4.2% inter-day RSD, and accurate with -1.4% to 2.3% intra-day relative error (RE) and -2.8% to 1.6% inter-day RE. GSH is recovered by 97.5 to 100% at all tested concentrations. The new colorimetric micro-method was validated by a reliable previously reported HPLC method. The procedure is suitable for minimally invasive investigation of oxidative stress in peripheral blood.
ISSN: 1570-0232
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2014.02.018
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