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Title: High affinity of copper(II) towards amoxicillin, apramycin and ristomycin. Effect of these complexes on the catalytic activity of HDV ribozyme
Authors: Stokowa Sołtys, Kamila
Gaggelli, Nicola 
Nagaj, Justyna
Szczepanik, Wojciech
Ciesiołka, Jerzy
Wrzesiński, Jan
Górska, Agnieszka
Gaggelli, Elena 
Valensin, Gianni 
Jeżowska Bojczuk, Małgorzata
Keywords: Amoxicillin; Catalysis; Copper; Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy; Hepatitis Delta Virus; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Nebramycin; RNA, Catalytic; RNA, Viral; Ristocetin
Issue Date: 2013
Project: None 
Three representatives of the distinct antibiotics groups: amoxicillin, apramycin and ristomycin A were studied regarding their impact on hepatitis D virus (HDV) ribozyme both in the metal-free form and complexed with copper(II) ions. Hence the Cu(II)-ristomycin A complex has been characterized by means of NMR, EPR, CD and UV-visible spectroscopic techniques and its binding pattern has been compared with the coordination modes estimated previously for Cu(II)-amoxicillin and Cu(II)-apramycin complexes. It has thus been found that all three antibiotics bind the Cu(II) ion in a very similar manner, engaging two nitrogen and two oxygen donors into coordination with the square planar symmetry in physiological conditions. All three tested antibiotics were able to inhibit the HDV ribozyme catalysis. However, in the presence of the complexes, the catalytic reactions were almost completely inhibited. It was important therefore to check whether the complexes used in lower concentrations could inhibit the HDV ribozyme catalytic activity, thus creating opportunities for their practical application. It turned out that the complexes used in the concentrations of 50μM influenced the catalysis much less effectively comparing to the 200 micromolar concentration. The kobs values were lower than those observed in the control reaction, in the absence of potential inhibitors: 2-fold for amoxicillin, ristomycin A and 3.3-fold for apramycin, respectively.
ISSN: 0162-0134
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2013.03.002
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