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Title: 2-Aryl- and 2-amido-benzothiazoles as multifunctional vasodilators on rat artery preparations
Authors: Fusi, Fabio 
Durante, Miriam
Cuong, N. M.
Dung, P. T. P.
Nam, N. H.
Issue Date: 2013
Project: None 
The neuroprotective agent riluzole [2-amino-6-(trifluoromethoxy)benzothiazole] has been shown to antagonize neuronal high-voltage activated Ca(2+) currents. In the search for novel scaffolds leading to potential antihypertensive agents, a series of 2-aryl- and 2-amido-benzothiazoles (HUP) were assessed for their vasorelaxing property on rat aorta rings and for their L-type Ba(2+) currents [I(Ba(L))] blocking activity on single myocytes isolated from the rat tail artery. HUP5 and HUP30, the most potent of the series, inhibited phenylephrine-induced contraction with IC₅₀ values in the range 3-6 µM. The presence of endothelium did not modify their spasmolytic activity. Both HUP5 and HUP30 increased tissue levels of cGMP and shifted to the left the concentration-response curve to sodium nitroprusside. In rings precontracted by phenylephrine, tetraethylammonium or 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazolo [4,3-a] quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) shifted to the right the concentration-relaxation curves of HUP5 and HUP30. The antispasmodic effect of HUP5 and HUP30 was more marked on rings stimulated with 25/30 mM than with 60 mM K(+). HUP5 and HUP30 antagonized both extracellular Ca(2+) influx and Ca(2+) mobilization from intracellular stores in response to phenylephrine: this effect was not modified by the presence of ODQ. I(Ba(L)) was partly inhibited by HUP5 and blocked by HUP30 in a concentration-dependent as well as ODQ-independent manner. In conclusion, HUP5 and HUP30 are vasorelaxing agents that stimulate soluble guanylyl cyclase, activate K(+) channels, and block extracellular Ca(2+) influx. The present benzothiazole derivatives form a novel class of multifunctional vasodilators which may give rise to effective antihypertensive agents.
ISSN: 0014-2999
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2013.05.034
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