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Title: 3D-QSAR using pharmacophore-based alignment and virtual screening for discovery of novel MCF-7 cell line inhibitors
Authors: Brogi, Simone
Panagiota, Papazafiri
Vassilios, Roussis
Tafi, Andrea 
Issue Date: 2013
Project: None 
The development of a novel approach for the prediction of antiestrogenic activity is described, bringing up to date a previous pharmacophore study. Software Phase has been used to derive a 3D-QSAR model based, as alignment rule, on a pharmacophore built on three compounds highly active against MCF-7 cell line. Five features comprised the pharmacophore: two hydrogen-bond acceptors, one hydrogen-bond donor, and two aromatic rings. The sequential 3D-QSAR yielded a test set q(2) equal to 0.73 and proved to be predictive with respect to an external test set of 21 compounds (r(2) = 0.69). The model was used to detect new MCF-7 inhibitors through 3D-database searching and identified fourteen compounds that were subsequently tested in vitro against the MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cell line. Eleven out of the fourteen compounds exhibited inhibitory activity with IC50 values ranging between 30 and 186 μM. The results of the study confirmed the fundamental validity of the chosen approach as a hit discovery tool.
ISSN: 0223-5234
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2013.06.048
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