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Title: A Mn(II)-Mn(II) center in human prolidase
Authors: Besio, R.
Baratto, Maria Camilla 
Gioia, R.
Monzani, E.
Nicolis, S.
Cucca, L.
Profumo, A.
Casella, L.
Basosi, Riccardo 
Tenni, R.
Rossi, A.
Forlino, A.
Keywords: Prolidase; Metallo-enzyme; Mn(II)–Mn(II) cluster; Apoenzyme
Issue Date: 2013
Project: None 
Human prolidase, the enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of the Xaa-Pro/Hyp peptide bonds, is a key player in the recycling of imino acids during the final stage of protein catabolism and extracellular matrix remodeling. Its metal active site composition corresponding to the maximal catalytic activity is still unknown, although prolidase function is of increasing interest due to the link with carcinogenesis and mutations in prolidase gene cause a severe connective tissue disorder. Here, using EPR and ICP-MS on human recombinant prolidase produced in Escherichia coli (hRecProl), theMn(II) ion organized in a dinuclearMn(II)–Mn(II) centerwas identified as the protein cofactor. Furthermore, thermal denaturation, CD/fluorescence spectroscopy and limited proteolysis revealed that the Mn(II) is required for the proper protein folding and that a protein conformational modification is needed in the transition from apo- to Mn(II)loaded-enzyme. The collected data provided a better knowledge of the human holo-prolidase and, although limited to the recombinant enzyme, the exact identity and organization of the metal cofactor as well as the conformational change required for activity were proven.
ISSN: 1570-9639
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2012.09.008
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