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|Title:||Structural Insight into Potent Broad-Spectrum Inhibition with Reversible Recyclization Mechanism: Avibactam in Complex with CTX-M-15 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa AmpC beta-Lactamases||Authors:||S. D., Lahiri
T., Durand Reville
DE LUCA, Filomena
Docquier, JEAN DENIS
|Issue Date:||2013||Project:||None||Journal:||ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY||Abstract:||
Although beta-lactams have been the most effective class of antibacterial agents used in clinical practice for the past half century, their effectiveness on Gram-negative bacteria has been eroded due to the emergence and spread of beta-lactamase enzymes that are not affected by currently marketed beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations. Avibactam is a novel, covalent, non-beta-lactam beta-lactamase inhibitor presently in clinical development in combination with either ceftaroline or ceftazidime. In vitro studies show that avibactam may restore the broad-spectrum activity of cephalosporins against class A, class C, and some class D beta-lactamases. Here we describe the structures of two clinically important beta-lactamase enzymes bound to avibactam, the class A CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase and the class C Pseudomonas aeruginosa AmpC beta-lactamase, which together provide insight into the binding modes for the respective enzyme classes. The structures reveal similar binding modes in both enzymes and thus provide a rationale for the broad-spectrum inhibitory activity of avibactam. Identification of the key residues surrounding the binding pocket allows for a better understanding of the potency of this scaffold. Finally, avibactam has recently been shown to be a reversible inhibitor, and the structures provide insights into the mechanism of avibactam recyclization. Analysis of the ultra-high-resolution CTX-M-15 structure suggests how the deacylation mechanism favors recyclization over hydrolysis.
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