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Title: Copper(I)-alkyl sulfide and -cysteine tri-nuclear clusters as models for metallo proteins: a structural density functional analysis.
Authors: Tamasi, Gabriella 
Mangani, Stefano 
Cini, Renzo
Keywords: Copper; metalloprotein; copper chaperone
Issue Date: 2012
Project: None 
fter having set up the computational methodology for Cu(I)-sulfur systems as models for copper proteins, namely using the simple ligands H(2)S, HS(-), CH(3)SH, and CH(3)S(-), the Cu(I)-Cysteine systems have been investigated: [Cu(I)( S -H(2)Cys) (n) ](+) (H(2)Cys, cysteine, NH(2),SH,COOH) [Cu(I)( S -HCys) (n) ](1-) (n) (NH(2),S(-),COOH). Finally, the structures for bi-nuclear [Formula: see text] (Et, CH(2)CH(3)), [Formula: see text] and tri-nuclear [Cu(I)( S -SH)](3), [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] (NH(2),SH,COOH), [Formula: see text] (NH(2),S(-),COOH, and NH(2),SH,COO(-)), as well as [Formula: see text] (NH(2),S(-),COO(-)), were also optimized to mimic the active center for a metallo-chaperone copper transport protein (CopZ). The X-ray structures for the biomolecules were matched fairly well as regards the Cu-S bond distances and Cu…Cu contact distances in the case the model cysteine S atom is deprotonated. Upon protonation of ligand S atoms, the conformation of clusters is altered and might bring about the di- and tri-nuclear core breakage. These findings suggest that subtle protonation/deprotonation steps, i.e. small and/or local pH changes play a significant role for copper transport processes.
ISSN: 0739-1102
DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2012.689703
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