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Title: Hydrogel containing L-valine residues as a platform for cisplatin chemotherapy
Authors: Casolaro, Mario 
Maellaro, Emilia
Issue Date: 2011
Project: None 
Two acrylic hydrogels, of low cross-linking content and carrying the l-valine residues, were synthesized and studied as a platform to load and release the chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin. The platinum(II)- complex species showed a well-defined stoichiometric ratio in which two carboxylate groups of the collapsing gel coordinate a metal center; this was confirmed by FT-IR spectra. When loaded in water, a zero-order release rate of platinum(II)-species was shown in the physiologic solution (PBS, pH 7.40) for more than one week. Moreover, the amount of platinum(II)-species released from the hydrogel may be improved either by the cross-linking degree and by the temperature. Any increase of the cross-links results in a decreased slope of the straightline Pt(II)/gel (mg/g) versus time, whereas the increasing temperature results in a greater amount of platinum(II)-species in solution. The chemical- and swellingcontrolled release are the main mechanisms supervising the whole release process. On the other hand, the loading of cisplatin and temsirolimus in DMF showed a characteristic two phase releasing pattern; the initial burst effect was always followed by the zero-order release rate for a week. In this case only a swelling-controlled mechanism was mainly invoked. The cytotoxic activity towards Me665/2/21 human melanoma cell line, afforded by the cisplatin-loaded hydrogel, was close and in some cases higher compared to the native cisplatin at the same concentration; an interesting synergy in term of cytotoxicity was observed when a combined treatment of temsirolimus and cisplatin was used, although temsirolimus exerted only a moderate inhibition of cell proliferation.
ISSN: 0927-7765
DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2011.07.019
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