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Title: Synthesis and Electrochemical Characterization of Halide, Isocyanide, and Alkynyl Synthons Containing the Encumbered Triangular Cluster Unit Pt(3)(mu P(t)Bu(2))(3)
Authors: Cavazza, C.
Fabrizi De Biani, Fabrizia 
Funaioli, T.
Leoni, P.
Marchetti, F.
Marchetti, L.
Zanello, Piero
Issue Date: 2009
Project: None 
Useful synthons containing the tribridged triangular unit {Pt3} = [Pt3(μ-PtBu2)3]+ were prepared starting from the known tricarbonyl derivative [{Pt3}(CO)3]Z, [(1+)Z, Z = CF3SO3−]. This was easily converted into the monohalides {Pt3}(CO)2X [2, X = Cl; 3, X = Br; 4, X = I], by reaction with the appropriate halide salt. The coupling reaction between 2 and terminal alkynes in the presence of CuI afforded in good yields the σ-alkynyl derivatives {Pt3}(CO)2(CC-R) [6, R = SiMe3; 7, R = CC-SiMe3; 8, R = C6H5; 9, R = C6H4-4-Br; 10, R = C6H4-4-CCH; 11, R = 2-C4H2S-5-CCH; 12, R = 9-C14H8-10-CCH], while desilylation of 6 or 7 with TBAF/THF gave, respectively, the derivatives 13 (R = H) and 14 (R = CCH). The stepwise elongation of the arylalkynyl chain was obtained by the Sonogashira coupling of 10 with an excess of 1,4-diiodobenzene, which produced 15 (R = C6H4-4-CC-C6H4-4-I), and by coupling the latter with an excess of 1,4-diethynylbenzene, which formed 16 (R = [C6H4-4-CC]3H). Branched synthons were obtained by substitution of the carbonyl ligands with functional isocyanides; the reaction of an excess of CN-C6H4-4-R (R = I, CCH) with {Pt3}(CO)2H, 5, or with complex (1+)Z afforded, respectively, {Pt3}(CN-C6H4-4-I)2H, 17, or [{Pt3}(CN-C6H4-4-R)3]Z [(18+)Z, R = I; (19+)Z, R = CCH]. The crystal structures of complexes 2, 8, and 9 were established by X-ray diffraction studies. The electrochemical characterization of representative examples of the clusters prepared in this work shows that all clusters are characterized by the presence of two oxidations; an analysis of ligands’ effects on the redox processes is also included.
ISSN: 0020-1669
DOI: 10.1021/ic801268v
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