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Title: Structural features and oxydative stress towards plasmid DNA of apramycin copper complex
Authors: D., Balenci
G., Bonechi
N., D'Amelio
Gaggelli, Elena 
Gaggelli, Nicola 
E., Molteni
Valensin, Gianni 
W., Szczepanik
M., Dziuba
G., Swiecicki
Issue Date: 2009
Project: None 
The interaction of apramycin with copper at different pH values was investigated by potentiometric titrations and EPR, UV-vis and CD spectroscopic techniques. The Cu(II)-apramycin complex prevailing at pH 6.5 was further characterized by NMR spectroscopy. Metal-proton distances derived from paramagnetic relaxation enhancements were used as restraints in a conformational search procedure in order to define the structure of the complex. Longitudinal relaxation rates were measured with the IR-COSY pulse sequence, thus solving the problems due to signal overlap. At pH 6.5 apramycin binds copper(II) with a 2 : 1 stoichiometry, through the vicinal hydroxyl and deprotonated amino groups of ring III. Plasmid DNA electrophoresis showed that the Cu(II)-apramycin complex is more active than free Cu(II) in generating strand breakages. Interestingly, this complex in the presence of ascorbic acid damages DNA with a higher yield than in the presence of H2O2.
ISSN: 1477-9226
DOI: 10.1039/b815046j
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