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Title: Copper(II) coordination outside the tandem repeat region of an unstructured domain of chicken prion protein
Authors: Gralka, E
Valensin, Daniela 
Gajda, K
Bacco, D
Szyrwiel, L
Remelli, M
Valensin, Gianni 
Kamasz, W
Kozlowski, H.
Issue Date: 2009
Project: None 
Combined potentiometric, calorimetric and spectroscopic methods were used to investigate the Cu2+ binding ability and coordination behaviour of some peptide fragments related to the neurotoxic region of chicken Prion Protein. The systems studied were the following protein fragments: chPrP106–114, chPrP119–126, chPrP108–127, chPrP105–127 and chPrP105–133. The complex formation always starts around pH 4 with the coordination of an imidazole nitrogen, followed by the deprotonation and binding of amide nitrogens from the peptidic backbone. At neutral pH, the {Nim, 3N−} binding mode is the preferred one. The amide nitrogens participating in the binding to the Cu2+ ion derive from residues from the N-terminus side, with the formation of a six-membered chelate ring with the imidazolic side chain. Comparison of thermodynamic data for the two histydyl binding domains (around His-110 and His-124), clearly indicates that the closest to the hexarepeat domain (His-110) has the highest ability to bind Cu2+ ions, although both of them have the same coordination mode. Conversely, in the case of the human neurotoxic peptide region, between the two binding sites, located at His-96 and His-111, the farthest from the tandem repeat region is the strongest one. Finally, thermodynamic data show that chicken peptide is a distinctly better ligand for coordination of copper ions with respect to the human fragment.
ISSN: 1742-206X
DOI: 10.1039/B820635J
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