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Title: The greenhouse gas balance of the Province of Siena.
Authors: Ridolfi, Roberto
Kneller, Margaret
Donati, Alessandro 
Pulselli R., M.
Keywords: Greenhouse gas inventory Territorial system Carbon balance Global warming potential (GWP)
Issue Date: 2008
Project: None 
There is a profound debate over how to assign greenhouse gas (GHG) responsibilities; therefore, we have decided to follow IPCC guidelines, as they offer the only standardized method. We have identified each type of greenhouse emission and its level of absorption. We have studied the province and its districts and municipalities. We have determined that the energy sector is that with the highest level of emissions, even if the per capita emissions of the Province of Siena are very low. This is caused by a very low level of industrialization and the presence of a local geothermal production of energy. In order to highlight this aspect, we have considered scenarios both with and without geothermal production. Our research was then focused on single districts (groups of homogenous municipalities) and municipalities, where we found great differences among the greenhouse emissions of the areas. We have constructed a map of the greenhouse emissions of the whole province. It has been interesting to note that there are 14 municipalities with net negative emissions, seven with low positive emissions, 12 with medium positive emissions and three with elevated positive emissions. These latter correspond to the main city and to two of the most industrialized municipalities.
ISSN: 0301-4797
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2006.04.012
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