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Title: A new Phosphorylated Polysaccharide for Biomedical Applications: Generation of 3D Scaffolds with Osteogenic Activity and Coating of Titanium Oxide Surfaces
Authors: D., Pasqui
E., Danieli
Leone, Gemma 
P., Torricelli
Barbucci, Rolando
Keywords: 3D scaffold; biomedical applications; osteogenic activity
Issue Date: 2008
Project: None 
A new phosphorylated derivative of carboxymethylcellulose and amidic carboxymethylcellulose containing one phosphate group for each disaccharide unit was synthesized using sodium trimetaphospahte (STMP) as the phosphating agent. The new polysaccharide was characterized by infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and the amount of phosphate groups was determined by elemental analysis. These modified polysaccharides were used both to prepare 3D scaffolds and functionalize titanium oxide surfaces with the aim to improve the osseointegration with the host tissue. The presence of phosphate groups modify the physical-chemical properties of the hydrogels with respect to the native ones. The evaluation of the bioactivity of the phosphorylated carboxymethylcellulose hydrogels towards osteoblast-like cells showed a significant increase in the osteocalcin production. The modified surfaces were chemically characterized by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and FT-IR, whereas the surface topography was analysed by Atomic Force Measurements (AFM) measurements before and after the polysaccharide coating. In vitro biological tests using osteoblast-like cells demonstrated that phosphorylated carboxymethylcellulose functionalized TiO2 surfaces promoted better cell adhesion and significantly enhanced their proliferation. These findings suggest that the phosphate polysaccharide both as a 3D scaffold and as a surface coating promotes osteoblast growth potentially improving the biomaterial osseointegration rate.
ISSN: 1022-1360
DOI: 10.1002/masy.200850605
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