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Title: 'Perceived benefits of littoral wetlands in Uganda: a focus on the Nabugabo wetlands
Authors: S., Bikangaga
Focardi, Silvia
Rossi, Claudio 
Issue Date: 2007
Project: None 
Wetlands, commonly called swamps inUganda, are estimated to cover about 13% of the totalland surface area (about 30,000 km2) of the countryand represent a considerable ecological, social andeconomic value. In 1989, the Ugandan governmentformerly recognised that wetlands need to be conservedand contribute considerably to the Nationaleconomy and rural livelihood. The present analysis isfocused on the Nabugabo wetland ecosystem.Located in Central Uganda, it is an important partof the extensive system of wetlands that surroundLake Victoria. The Nabugabo wetland is a source ofimportant resources that are basic to the localeconomy, including fishing, water utilization, agriculture,livestock, wetland plants for construction andmore recently, tourism. Investment in the area is lowand a large percentage of the local communitydepends on the wetland resources for basic sustenanceneeds. After achieving Ramsar status,demarcation and conservation activities were initiatedby the local and national leaders. However, these conservation efforts have provoked conflicts betweenthe land owners and the policy makers, in particularto the demarcation of areas for conservation In thepresent analysis, we examine the benefits, perceivedby local leaders and community members, of thewetland and its services, as well as views towards itsconservation and management. The results show thatdifferences between the community leaders andmember exist regarding the perceived benefits ofthe wetlands. Tourism, while providing some opportunitiesfor local persons is not always viewedpositively. Conservation activities are viewed positivelybut some questions remain as to whether suchefforts help or hinder the local population, inparticular regarding access to basic resources.
ISSN: 0923-4861
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