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Title: The First Pure LHT Rotamer of a Complex with a cis-[Metal(nucleotide)2]Unit: A cis-[PtACHTUNGTRENUNG(amine)2(nucleotide)2] LHT Rotamer with Unique MolecularStructural Features
Authors: Benedettiv, M.
Tamasi, Gabriella 
Cini, Renzo
Marzilli, L. G.
Natile, G.
Keywords: antitumor agents; chiral resolution; metal–nucleotide interactions; platinum; X-ray diffraction
Issue Date: 2007
Project: None 
cis-[PtA2(nucleotide)2] complexes (A2 stands for two amines or a diamine) have been extensively investigated as model compounds for key cisplatin– DNA adducts. All cis-[metal(nucleotide/ nucleoside)2] complexes with guanine and related purines characterized in the solid state thus far have the DHT conformation (head-to-tail orientation of the two bases and righthanded chirality). In sharp contrast, the LHT conformation (left-handed chirality) dominates in acidic and neutral aqueous solutions of cis-[PtA2(5’- GMP)2] complexes. Molecular models and solution experiments indicate that the LHT conformer is stabilized by 5’- phosphate/N1H hydrogen-bond interactions between cis nucleotides with the normal anti conformation. However, this evidence, while compelling, is indirect. At last, conditions have been defined to allow crystallization of this elusive conformer. The structure obtained reveals three unique features not present in all other cis- [PtA2(nucleotide)2] solid-state structures: a LHT conformation, very strong hydrogen-bond interactions between the phosphate and N1H of cis nucleotides, and a very small dihedral angle between the planes of the two guanines lying nearly perpendicular to the coordination plane. These new results indicate that, because there are no local base–base repulsions precluding the LHT conformer, global forces rather than local interactions account for the predominance of the DHT conformer over the LHT conformer in the solid state and in both inter- and intrastrand HT crosslinks of oligonucleotides and DNA.
ISSN: 0947-6539
DOI: 10.1002/chem.200601211
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