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Title: Ligand-Based Virtual Screening, Parallel Solution-Phase and Microwave-Assisted Synthesis as Tools to Identify and Synthesize New Inhibitors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Authors: Manetti, Fabrizio 
M., Magnani
D., Castagnolo
L., Passalacqua
Botta, Maurizio 
Corelli, Federico 
M., Saddi
D., Deidda
Keywords: Drug design; Ligand-based virtual screening; Medicinal chemistry; Molecular descriptors; Molecular diversity
Issue Date: 2006
Project: None 
In an attempt to identify new inhibitors of the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), the causative agent of tuberculosis, a procedure for the generation, design, and screening of a ligand-based virtual library was applied. This used both an in silica protocol centered on a recursive partitioning (RP) model described herein, and a pharmacophoric model for antitubercular agents previously generated by our research group. Two candidates emerged from databases of commercially available compounds, both characterized by a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 25 μg mL-1. Based on these compounds, two series of derivatives were synthesized by both parallel solution-phase and microwave-assisted synthesis, leading to enhanced antimycobacterial activity. During both the design and synthesis, attention was focused on the efficient allocation of available resources with the aim of reducing the overall costs associated with calculation and synthesis.
ISSN: 1860-7179
DOI: 10.1002/cmdc.200600026
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