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|Title:||(+/-)-Naringenin as large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channel opener in vascular smooth muscle cells||Authors:||Saponara, Simona
|Issue Date:||2006||Project:||None||Journal:||BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY||Abstract:||
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE. The aim of this study was to investigate, in vascular smooth muscle cells, the mechanical and electrophysiological effects of (+/-)-naringenin. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Aorta ring preparations and single tail artery myocytes were employed for functional and patch-clamp experiments, respectively. KEY RESULTS: (+/-)-Naringenin induced concentration-dependent relaxation in endothelium-denuded rat aortic rings pre-contracted with either 20 mM KCl or noradrenaline (pIC(50) values of 4.74 and 4.68, respectively). Tetraethylammonium, iberiotoxin, 4-aminopyridine and 60 mM KCl antagonised (+/-)-naringenin-induced vasorelaxation, while glibenclamide did not produce any significant antagonism. Naringin [(+/-)-naringenin 7-beta-neohesperidoside] caused a concentration-dependent relaxation of rings pre-contracted with 20 mM KCl, although its potency and efficacy were significantly lower than those of (+/-)-naringenin. In rat tail artery myocytes, (+/-)-naringenin increased large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) currents in a concentration-dependent manner; this stimulation was iberiotoxin-sensitive and fully reversible upon drug wash-out. (+/-)-Naringenin accelerated the activation kinetics of BK(Ca) current, shifted, by 22 mV, the voltage dependence of the activation curve to more negative potentials, and decreased the slope of activation. (+/-)-Naringenin-induced stimulation of BK(Ca) current was insensitive either to changes in the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration or to the presence, in the pipette solution, of the fast Ca(2+) chelator BAPTA. However, such stimulation was diminished when the K(+) gradient across the membrane was reduced. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The vasorelaxant effect of the naturally-occurring flavonoid (+/-)-naringenin on endothelium-denuded vessels was due to the activation of BK(Ca) channels in myocytes
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