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Title: Antioxidant properties of propargylamine derivatives: assessment of their ability to scavenge peroxynitrite
Authors: Dragoni, Stefania
Porcari, V
Travagli, Massimiliano
Castagnolo, Daniele
Valoti, Massimo
Keywords: propargylamine; antioxidant; mao-inhibitors
Issue Date: 2006
Project: None 
A series of arylpropargylamines, variously substituted in the hydrogen in p-position and in the propargyl moiety, were studied as potential peroxynitrite scavengers. The scavenging activity of these compounds was evaluated through peroxynitrite (ONOO-)-mediated oxidation of dichlorofluorescin and linoleic acid by measuring the dichlorofluorescein formation and oxygen consumption, respectively. Among tested compounds, only 1-phenylpropargylamine (AP3) promoted concentration-dependent inhibition of ONOO(-)-induced dichlorofluorescin and linoleic acid oxidation with IC50 values of 637 and 63 microM, respectively. The AP3 spectral changes in UV-visible absorbance properties in the presence of peroxynitrite suggested the formation of a new compound. This was identified by gas-chromatograph-mass spectrometer analysis as phenylpropargyl alcohol. Structure-activity relationship analysis indicated that the scavenging activity of AP3 was due to the aminopropargyl moiety and availability of the nitrogen electron pair. This data suggested that AP3 could be considered a lead compound for the synthesis of new ONOO- scavenger derivatives.
ISSN: 0022-3573
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