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Title: Increased phospholipase activity in Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from patients with gastric carcinoma
Authors: Lusini, Paola
Figura, Natale
M., Valassina
Roviello, Franco
C., Vindigni
Trabalzini, Lorenza 
Nuti, Ranuccio
C., Lenzi
C., Gonnelli
M., Nardi
P., Martelli
Santucci, Annalisa 
Issue Date: 2005
Project: None 
Purpose. Phospholipase activity, one of Helicobacter pylori pathogenicity factors, has not been investigated enough, so far, although it may induce a remarkable damage to the gastric mucosa. In the present work, we have compared the whole phospholipase activity of H. pylori strains isolated from patients with gastric carcinoma with that of strains isolated from dyspeptic patients without gastric carcinoma. Methods. We measured the phospholipase activity of one distinct H. pylori colony isolated from each of 10 patients with gastric carcinoma and 10 controls, dyspeptic patients without endoscopic and histological signs of gastric carcinoma. We also determined the phospholipase activity of 20 additional strains isolated from different areas of neoplastic and non-neoplastic tissue of two patients with gastric carcinoma, the cagA and vacA positive G27 and 328 wild strains and their respective vacA and cagA negative isogenic mutants. The whole phospholipase activity of strains was determined by measuring the release of 14C-labeled palmitic acid from the radioactive l-3-phosphatidylcholine, 1,2- di[1-14C]palmiloyl substrate; results were expressed in pmol of palmitic acid per mg of protein. Results. H. pylori strains isolated from patients with gastric carcinoma had levels of phospholipase activity significantly higher than those of strains isolated from controls (99.37 [S.D. 40.45] versus 34.46 [S.D. 16.46], P < 0.001). In patients with gastric carcinoma, the mean phospholipase activity of strains isolated from neoplastic tissue was similar to that of strains isolated from non-neoplastic tissues (123.02 [S.D. 44.36] and 115.77 [S.D. 81.48], respectively. Interruption of cagA gene caused a ca. 20% reduction of phospholipase activity (36.38 versus 45.22 of the wild strain); that of vacA caused no reduction of phospholipase activity (26.53 and 25.37 of the wild strain). Conclusions. The infection by H. pylori strains that produce high levels of phospholipase may increase the risk of developing gastric carcinoma.We hypothesise that indirect products of phospholipase activity, such as prostaglandins, leukotrienes and lysophospholipids, may mediate carcinogenesis.
ISSN: 1590-8658
DOI: 10.1016/j.dld.2004.11.004
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