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|Title:||Mechanism of myricetin stimulation of vascular L-type Ca2+ current.||Authors:||Fusi, Fabio
Sgaragli, GIAN PIETRO
|Issue Date:||2005||Project:||None||Journal:||JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY AND EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS||Abstract:||
An in-depth analysis of the mechanism of the L-type Ca(2+) current [I(Ca(L))] stimulation induced by myricetin was performed in rat tail artery myocytes using the whole-cell patch-clamp method. Myricetin increased I(Ca(L)) in a frequency-, concentration-, and voltage-dependent manner. At holding potentials (V(h)) of -50 and -90 mV, the pEC(50) values were 4.9 +/- 0.1 and 4.2 +/- 0.1, respectively; the latter corresponded to the drug-apparent dissociation constant for resting channels, K(R), of 67.6 microM. Myricetin shifted the maximum of the current-voltage relationship by 10 mV in the hyperpolarizing direction but did not modify the threshold for I(Ca(L)) or the T-type Ca(2+) current. The Ca(2+) channel blockers nifedipine, verapamil, and diltiazem antagonized I(Ca(L)) in the presence of myricetin. Myricetin increased the time to peak of I(Ca(L)) in a voltage- and concentration-dependent manner. Washout reverted myricetin effect on both current kinetics and amplitude at V(h) of -90 mV while reverting only current kinetics at V(h) of -50 mV. At the latter V(h), myricetin shifted the voltage dependence of inactivation and activation curves to more negative potentials by 6.4 and 13.0 mV, respectively, in the mid-potential of the curves. At V(h) of -90 mV, myricetin shifted, in a concentration-dependent manner, the voltage dependence of the inactivation curve to more negative potentials with an apparent dissociation constant for inactivated channels (K(I)) of 13.8 muM. Myricetin induced a frequency- and V(h)-dependent block of I(Ca(L)). In conclusion, myricetin behaves as an L-type Ca(2+) channel agonist that stabilizes the channel in its inactivated state
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