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|Title:||Two-step elution of human serum proteins from different glass-modified bioactive surfaces: a comparative proteomic analysis of adsorption patterns||Authors:||Magnani, Agnese
Plasma protein adsorption patterns on surfaces may give vital information to evaluate biocompatibility of biomaterials designed for direct blood-contacting applications or tissue integration. Adsorption of human serum proteins on four different types of biomaterials (glass, aminosilanized glass, hyaluronan and sulfated hyaluronan) was analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Desorption of proteins from the surfaces was first classically achieved by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) elution. We introduced a second elution step (by use of isoelectric focusing (IEF) sample buffer consisting of urea, 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propansulfonate, and dithioerythritol) which allows more stringent elution conditions and is a tool to evaluate the protein adsorption strength to biomaterials. Moreover, the two-step elution may discriminate between irreversible and reversible adsorption of plasma proteins for biomaterials, thus helping to elucidate the structure of protein multilayers which form a complex system at the surfaces. The IEF sample buffer proved not to alter the biomaterial structure and integrity. Hydrophobic bonds resulted to be the main strength driving protein adsorption onto our biomaterials. Apolipoproteins were the most important proteins interacting with the surfaces suggesting that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles could play a role in biocompatibility due to their beneficial effects on endothelial cells.
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