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|Title:||Cu(II) ion coordination to the pentadecapeptide model of SPARC copper-binding site||Authors:||Conato, C
|Keywords:||MATRICELLULAR PROTEIN; TERMINAL AMINO; CELL-MATRIX; COMPLEXES; PEPTIDES; EXCITATION||Issue Date:||2002||Project:||None||Journal:||JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY. DALTON TRANSACTIONS||Abstract:||
SPARC (Secreted Protein, Acidic and Rich in Cysteine) is a matricellular glycoprotein with many biological functions: it mediates the interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix, playing a role in angiogenesis, tumorigenesis, caractogenesis and wound healing. Proteolysis of SPARC gives rise to a number of oligopeptides which can regulate angiogenesis in vivo and the biological activity of which has been related to their association with endogenous or exogenous copper ion. Human SPARC consists of three distinct modules. Module II is follistatin-like and contains two copper binding sites, the strongest of which-the cationic region 2 (amino acids 114-130)-contains the sequence Gly-His-Lys. In order to shed more light on the biological role of metal complexes formed by SPARC and its fragments, more information is needed on their stoichiometry, stability and structure in solution. In the present paper a potentiometric and spectroscopic investigation on Cu(II) complexes with the SPARC(114-128) fragment, protected at both its amino and carboxylic ends, is reported. This peptide (Ac-TLEGTKKGHKLHLDY-NH2) constitutes a good model to the strong copper-binding site of the protein. The whole experimental data suggest that complex-formation is started by the two His residues, subsequently involving up to three amido nitrogens, as pH increases. The coordination of the two histydyl imidazoles is able to promote amide ionisation in the physiological pH range and this could be the key to the SPARC affinity for Cu(II) ion.
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