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|Title:||Oxidative stress in preterm neonates at birth and on the seventh day of life||Authors:||Buonocore, Giuseppe
|Issue Date:||2002||Project:||None||Journal:||PEDIATRIC RESEARCH||Abstract:||
Previous studies have demonstrated increased oxidative damage to proteins and increased lipid peroxidation products in the plasma of hypoxic newborns at birth. We tested the hypothesis that hypoxic preterm newborns are at increased risk for oxidative stress in the first week of life. Heparinized blood samples of 34 hypoxic and 15 control preterm newborns were obtained at birth from the umbilical vein immediately after delivery and from a peripheral vein on postnatal d 7. Plasma levels of hypoxanthine, total hydroperoxide (TH), and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) were measured in cord blood and blood drawn on d 7. Hypoxanthine, TH, and AOPP levels were significantly higher in cord and d 7 blood samples of hypoxic newborn than control infants. Statistically significant correlations were observed between AOPP and hypoxanthine and between AOPP and TH plasma levels on d 7. AOPP and TH plasma levels significantly increased from cord to d 7 blood in neonates without hypoxia. These findings show that the oxidative stress observed in cord blood of hypoxic preterm newborns is still higher than control infants on d 7. The significant increase in TH and AOPP levels in nonhypoxic preterm newborns at the end of the first postnatal week indicates that damage caused by free radicals also occurs in nonhypoxic babies with normal clinical course. In summary, TH and AOPP production is prolonged for several days after birth in hypoxic preterm babies. The risk of free radical damage is lower but still exists in preterm neonates with normal clinical course.
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