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|Title:||4-Chlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase from the chlorophenol-utilizing Gram-positive Rhodococcus opacus 1CP: crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis||Authors:||M., Ferraroni
M. Y., R.
I. P., Solyanikova
M. P., Kolomysteva
|Keywords:||x-ray; crystal structure; chlorocatechol dioxygenase||Issue Date:||2002||Project:||None||Journal:||ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA. SECTION D, BIOLOGICAL CRYSTALLOGRAPHY||Abstract:||
4-Chlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase (4-ClC1,2DO) from the Gram-positive bacterium Rhodococcus opacus (erythropolis) 1CP, an enzyme involved in the aerobic biodegradation of chloroaromatic compounds, has been crystallized. 4-ClC1,2DO, which specifically catalyzes the intradiol cleavage of 4-substituted catechols, which are intermediates in the degradation of a variety of aromatic pollutants, to the corresponding maleylacetates, has recently been purified to homogeneity. The enzyme is an homodimer composed of two identical subunits in an alpha(2)-type quaternary structure; it has a molecular weight of about 29 kDa per monomer and contains one Fe-III and one Mn-II ion per homodimer. Hexagonal crystals grown in 1.6 M ammonium sulfate, 0.1 M sodium chloride, 100 mM Tris-HCl pH 9.0, 5-15% glycerol were successfully frozen under liquid nitrogen, adding 30% glycerol to the mother-liquor solution as a cryoprotectant. A complete data set was collected at 2.8 Angstrom resolution using the EMBL beamline BW7A at the DORIS storage ring, DESY, Hamburg, Germany with a MAR CCD detector and a wavelength of 1.01 Angstrom. The crystals belong to the primitive hexagonal space group P6(3)22, with unit-cell parameters a = 90.4, c = 307.5 Angstrom. This is the first intradiol dioxygenase which specifically catalyzes the cleavage of chlorocatechols in Gram-positive bacteria to give diffraction-quality crystals.
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