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|Title:||Quercetin as a novel activator of L-type Ca2+ channels in rat tail artery smooth muscle cells.||Authors:||Saponara, Simona
Sgaragli, GIAN PIETRO
|Issue Date:||2002||Project:||None||Journal:||BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY||Abstract:||
1. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quercetin, a natural polyphenolic flavonoid, on voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels of smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from the rat tail artery, using either the conventional or the amphotericin B-perforated whole-cell patch-clamp method. 2. Quercetin increased L-type Ca(2+) current [I(Ca(L))] in a concentration- (pEC(50)=5.09+/-0.05) and voltage-dependent manner and shifted the maximum of the current-voltage relationship by 10 mV in the hyperpolarizing direction, without, however, modifying the threshold and the equilibrium potential for Ca(2+). 3. Quercetin-induced I(Ca(L)) stimulation was reversible upon wash-out. T-type Ca(2+) current was not affected by quercetin. Quercetin shifted the voltage dependence of the steady-state inactivation and activation curves to more negative potentials by about 5.5 and 7.5 mV respectively, in the mid-potential of the curves as well as increasing the slope of activation. Quercetin slowed both the activation and the deactivation kinetics of the I(Ca(L)). The inactivation time course was also slowed but only at voltages higher than 10 mV. Moreover quercetin slowed the rate of recovery from inactivation. 4. These results prove quercetin to be a naturally-occurring L-type Ca(2+) channel activator.
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