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Title: Plasma factors controlling atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) aggregation: role of lipoproteins.
Authors: Maioli, Emanuela
Torricelli, Claudia
Santucci, Annalisa 
Martelli, P.
Issue Date: 2001
Project: None 
We have previously shown that human plasma atrial alpha-natriuretic peptide (alpha-hANP) sequestering is a protective phenomenon against amyloid aggregation. In the present work, the possible role of lipoproteins as alpha-hANP binding factors has been investigated in vitro using an experimental model, developed in our laboratory, that allows to work at physiological concentrations. This approach consists of gel filtration on Sephacryl S-300 HR of big alpha-[(125)I]hANP generated in phosphate buffered saline or in human normal plasma supplemented or not with lipoproteins. The results of these experiments indicate that high density lipoproteins (HDL) are responsible for the ANP binding phenomenon observed in vitro, while low density lipoproteins and very low density lipoproteins do not directly interact with ANP. Moreover, the HDL remodeling process occurring in vitro has been analyzed during plasma incubation by monitoring the redistribution of lipids and apolipoproteins among the HDL subclasses. The changes in HDL size and composition observed in incubated plasma were compared with the redistribution of endogenous and labeled big ANP. The obtained results revealed that both tend to follow the molecular rearrangement in plasma of apolipoprotein A-I containing particles and suggested that, among HDL species, the small particles are mainly involved in the ANP binding phenomenon. This hypothesis was further demonstrated by ligand blotting experiments that confirmed the existence of differences in the ability of HDL particles to bind alpha-[(125)I]hANP.
ISSN: 0006-3002
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