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Title: Synthesis, structure and electrochemical studies of the first mixed-metal clusters with the P-N-P assembling ligands (Ph2P)(2)NH (dppa), (Ph2P)(2)N(CH3) (dppam) and (Ph2P)(2)N(CH2)(3)Si(OEt)(3) (dppaSi)
Authors: Bachert, I.
Braunstein, P.
Mccart, M. K.
Fabrizi De Biani, Fabrizia 
Laschi, Franco 
Zanello, Piero
Kickelbick, G.
Schubert, U.
Issue Date: 1999
Project: None 
Heterometallic triangular palladium–cobalt clusters stabilized by three bridging diphosphine ligands such as Ph2PNHPPh2 (dppa), (Ph2P)2N(CH3) (dppam), (Ph2P)2N(CH2)3Si(OEt)3 (dppaSi), or mixed ligand sets Ph2PCH2PPh2 (dppm)/dppa, dppm/dppam or dppm/dppaSi have been prepared with the objectives of comparing the stability and properties of the clusters as a function of the short-bite diphosphine ligand used and of making possible their use in the sol–gel process (case of dppaSi). The crystal structure determination of [CoPd2(μ3-CO)2(μ-dppam)3]PF6 confirms the triangular arrangement of the metal core, with each edge bridged by a dppam ligand, although disorder problems prevent a detailed discussion of the bonding parameters. Different approaches are given to functionalize the heterometallic clusters: alkylation of the nitrogen atom of co-ordinated dppa ligands or introduction of a third bridging diphosphine in a precursor tetranuclear cluster containing only two bridging diphosphine ligands. In the latter case, it was found that their nature critically determined whether or not the reaction occurred. The diversity of bridging ligands allowed an investigation of their influence on the electrochemical properties of the clusters. By comparison with [CoPd2(μ3-CO)2(CO)2(μ-dppm)2]+ which contains only two assembling ligands, it is generally observed that trinuclear cationic CoPd2 clusters containing three (identical or different) edge-bridging bidentate diphosphine ligands show increased redox flexibility. A notable stabilisation of the metal core is observed when three dppm ligands bridge the metal–metal bonds and [CoPd2(μ3-CO)2(μ-dppm)3] reversibly undergoes either a single-step two-electron oxidation or two distinct one-electron reductions. Complexes with the other diphosphines exhibit similar redox behaviour, but the stability of their redox congeners depends upon the nature of the diphosphine: a lower redox aptitude is exhibited by the dppa and dppam derivatives [CoPd2(μ3-CO)2(μ-dppa)3]+ and [CoPd2(μ3-CO)2(μ-dppam)3]+.
ISSN: 0022-328X
DOI: 10.1016/S0022-328X(98)00636-6
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