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|Title:||Duplication of dystrophin gene and dissimilar clinical phenotype in the same family||Authors:||A., Toscano
|Issue Date:||1995||Project:||None||Journal:||NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS||Abstract:||
We report here three related patients with a duplication of exons 19-41 of the dystrophin gene, having dissimilar clinical phenotype and dystrophin immunohistochemistry. Two brothers aged six and three years had myalgia, proximal muscular weakness and hypertrophic calves, with 10- 20-fold increase of serum creatine kinase. Muscle biopsy showed dystrophic changes and reduced, patchy binding of dystrophin. The clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with a diagnosis of Becker muscular dystrophy with early onset. Their 14-year-old cousin had only mild hyperCKemia. His muscle biopsy was normal with only mild reduction of dystrophin immunostaining. At follow-up, he is still without symptoms and signs at age 19. All three patients had the same gene duplication and an increased dystrophin size of 507 kDa. Expression of the dystrophin-associated glycoproteins adhalin, alpha-dystroglycan, and beta-dystroglycan were normal in the three patients. An intrafamilial variability in patients carrying a partial duplication of the dystrophin gene may be related to a quantitative difference in mRNA.
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