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|Title:||Tax-induced HTLV-I LTR transcriptional activation is modulated by phosphorylation.||Authors:||Saggioro, D
Chieco Bianchi, L.
|Issue Date:||1994||Project:||None||Journal:||BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS||Abstract:||
We studied the effect of protein phosphatase and kinase inhibitors on Tax-mediated transcription of constructs carrying the reporter gene chloramphenicol acetyl transferase under the control of either the full-length LTR of HTLV-I or three copies of the tax-responsive 21-bp repeats. We observed that treatment with okadaic acid, which inhibits the serine/threonine protein phosphatases type 1 and 2A, reduced HTLV-I LTR transcriptional activation in MT2 and K562 cells; on the contrary, the enhancer activity of the 21-bp sequences was significantly increased in both cell lines; treatment with the protein kinase C inhibitor H-7 blocked Tax-mediated transcription of both constructs. We also found that treatment with sodium orthovanadate, a tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, reduced Tax-mediated activation of both plasmids. These findings indicated that specific serine/threonine phosphorylation events are required for Tax-mediated HTLV-I LTR activation and also suggested that phosphorylation at tyrosine residues is involved in this process.
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