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|Title:||Three high-lysine mutations control the level of ATP-binding HSP70-like proteins in the maize endosperm||Authors:||Marocco, A.
Di Fonzo, N.
|Issue Date:||1991||Project:||None||Journal:||PLANT CELL||Abstract:||
The synthesis and deposition of seed storage proteins in maize are affected by several dominant and recessive mutants. The effect of three independent mutations, floury-2 (fl2), Defective endosperm-B30 (De-B30), and Mucronate (Mc), that reduce zein level in the endosperm were investigated. These mutations also control the level of b-70, a polypeptide bound to protein bodies, which is separable into the two isoforms b-70I and b-70II by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Both isoforms are overexpressed 10-fold in fl2; however, only b-70I is present in De-B30 and Mc, which contain an amount of total b-70 isoforms fivefold higher than in the wild type. Both b-70I and b-70II resemble heat shock protein (HSP70) in that they bind ATP, cross-react with anti-HSP antibodies, and have N-terminal sequence homology to HSP70. All maize protein body-located b-70 characteristics are typical of those of chaperone-like HSPs. A third protein, b-70III, similar in size to but slightly more acidic than b-70I and b-70II, also binds ATP and reacts with the same antibody, providing evidence for the presence in endosperm extracts of a cytosolic chaperone-like protein. The level of b-70III was not altered by the mutations studied. The results suggested that the repression effect of the three mutations on zein accumulation may be mediated by the alteration of a zein transport or zein assembly process involving b-70I and b-70II.
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